Yes, folks, there was a period in our history when the essential percussionists and drummers were ladies. The initially named drummer in history was a Mesopotamian priestess named Lipushiau. She lived in the city condition of Ur in 2380 BC, which around then had vanquished all the encompassing city-states. She was the otherworldly, monetary and authoritative leader of the Ekishnugal, the most imperative sanctuary in Ur devoted to the moon god, Nanna-Suen. Her token of office was the balag-di, a little round edge drum used to lead ritualistic droning. In 2380 BC, Lipushiau ruled!
Drums have always fascinated me and in my spare time and before I die, my plan is to learn more about their history and actually one day play with my fiance, soon to be husband. But, first I have to take lessons and I mean very personal lessons from him and only him. 😉 My fiance just happens to be a Rock and Roll Hall of Famer and a renown legend listed out of 100 of the greatest drummers of all time as number 68. I am so proud of him and his accomplishments and he just happens to be my friend for life and mentor! I got to learn from the best to be the best! lol You may or may not know him, but he has played with some legends such as The Five Stairsteps, The Chambers Brothers, The Unifics the Parliament Funkadelic, Mutiny, OFM Other Funky Music, amongst an awesome array of many contributions and compilations.
The drums were lovely, from a wide range of societies and the majority of them had a place with the group of edge drums.
The historical backdrop of the casing drum whose purpose of starting point gives off an impression of being the old societies of the old Mediterranean world. There are infrequent representations of hourglass formed drums or kettledrums, however, the edge drum is by a wide margin the most conspicuous drum. For no less than 3,500 years, c. 3000 BC to 500 AD, it was the essential percussive instrument.
From the human advancements of Anatolia (Old Turkey), Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece and Rome, the Goddess and the edge drum develop as the center daze and otherworldly religious customs.
The casing drum at the focal point of the most seasoned rave like social occasions — it was the most established innovation for adjusting cognizance. The riddle ceremonies would keep going for quite a long time at once with relentless drumming and moving.
An edge drum is characterized by the distance across of the drumhead being much bigger than the profundity of its shell. The shells go inside and out from 2″ to at generally 6″. They extend in breadth from 4″ to 30″. A large portion of these drums are versatile and can be held in one hand.
The edge drum regularly has a skin on just a single side yet once in a while it might have skins extended crosswise over both sides. Chimes or jingling and rattling actualizes might be joined to within edge, and in antiquated circumstances were accepted to add to the drum’s energy to sanitize, scatter and summon. Regularly the drums were painted red, the shade of blood, or here and there green, the shade of vegetation, the primordial shades of life. Otherworldly outlines and images may likewise be painted on the skin-head or the wooden edge. Strings or strips hitched with custom petitions or droning frequently swung from them.
The drum was the methods our progenitors used to summon the goddess and furthermore the instrument through which she talked. The drumming priestess was the middle person amongst celestial and human domains. Adjusting herself to holy rhythms, she went about as summoner and transformer, conjuring divine vitality and transmitting it to the group.
The most punctual known portrayal of any drum was painted on a holy place room divider in 5600 BC in a Neolithic city in what is presently Turkey. The place of worship room divider portrays a gathering of delightedly moving figures, some of which seem to have percussion instruments. A band of human figures clad in panther skins play different percussion instruments as they move joyfully around an expansive bull. One figure holds a horn formed instrument in one hand and a casing drum in the other. Different figures convey what look like shakers or rattles, and also bowed instruments like the Brazilian berimbau. The exhuming excavator, James Mellaart, has uncovered various different sanctuaries in this city respecting an incredible goddess, and he trusts that essentially priestesses tended these places of worship. To date, the divider painting is our most established confirmation of a goddess-based custom in which the edge drum was utilized as a part of happy ceremonies.
From 3000 to 2500 BC, composed records of the Sumerians depict the goddess Inanna as the maker of the casing drum, alongside all other melodic instruments. They recount Inanna’s priestesses who sang and droned to the rhythms of round and square edge drums. Alongside the composed writings, various dolls of ladies playing little edge drums have been found. These drumming ceremonies were carried on in the later love of Ishtar, Asherah, Ashtoreth, Astarte, and Anat in Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Palestine, and Assyria. Somewhere close to 2000 and 1500 BC, the casing drum touches base in Egypt. James Blades reports, “All records from this period (Middle Kingdom) demonstrate the entertainers as ladies; in reality the entire routine of the specialty of music seems to have been altogether endowed to the reasonable sex, with one outstanding exemption, the god Bes, who is every now and again spoke to with a drum with round and hollow body (outline drum).”
It is imperative to fathom the centrality of ladies’ control of holy music and move in Egypt. Religious services in view of music and move can synchronize the hidden vitality of the psyche and straightforwardly impact our impression of reality. Custom impacts our methods of mindfulness that both underlie and rise above the ordinary examples of awareness. Customs can be utilized to stir and shape aggregate feeling and conduct, building up a constant shared cognizance. Music vibrationally transmits perspectives specifically from cognizance to awareness. Along these lines, politically, music can resound all the while on much more levels — passionate, profound, scholarly and physical — than can words alone. As music starts changes in gathering cognizance, it can influence incomprehensible social and monetary cycles.
The Biblical grounds have likewise yielded various pictures of ladies playing the edge drum. Old Testament writings allude to the tambourine as the toph, which as been deciphered as the timbrel and the tabret. Mass migration 15:20, “And Miriam, the prophetess, sister of Aaron and Moses, took a timbrel in her grasp, then the ladies went out after her with timbrels and with moves.” In a few legends it is said that Miriam separated the Red Sea with the shamanistic force of her drumming.
In Greece, the absolute most excellent representations of the edge drum are found on the red-figured vase canvases from the fifth century BC. The casing drum entered Greece from a few distinct headings — from Cyprus, one of the principle focuses of the religion of Aphrodite where the casing drum was noticeable from no less than 1000 BC, and furthermore from Crete, where it was utilized as a part of the customs of Ariadne, Rhea and Dionysos.
Pre-established Greece likewise observed the presentation of the religion of the goddess Cybele, from Western Anatolia. The tympanum, the Greek edge drum, was the primary instrument of the maenads, the ladies starts, in the love of Cybele and Dionysos, and the priestesses of Artemis, Demeter and Aphrodite additionally played them. Both single-headed and twofold headed edge drums show up, at the end of the day played solely by ladies.
The most recent 30 years have seen an emotional ascent in the quantity of expert ladies artists, however, there are still quite a few ladies seeking after drumming, including myself. Albeit little is thought about the historical backdrop of casing drums and the ladies performers who played them, it is an essential piece of our percussive history. What’s more, the antiquated conventions of utilizing drumming for otherworldly purposes can call attention to what we have lost.